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The Nuances of At-Home Work Under Social Security and ADA Rules: A Comprehensive Overview

In the evolving landscape of employment, especially with the surge in remote work prompted by recent global events, understanding how at-home work is perceived under Social Security Administration rules becomes crucial. A common misconception is that working from home, due to its inherent flexibility, might automatically be considered an accommodated work environment, especially for individuals with disabilities. However, the reality, as governed by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and Social Security's regulations, presents a more nuanced picture.


Is At-Home Work Considered an Accommodated Work Environment?

When it comes to Social Security Administration (SSA) rules, at-home work is not inherently considered an accommodated work environment. The primary litmus test for this determination hinges on whether the employer is providing additional accommodations for the remote employee that differ from those extended to other employees. This could involve modifications such as additional flexibility in the hours worked per day, extra breaks, or allowances for absences beyond what is typically granted.


Understanding ADA's Stance on Essential Functions and Accommodations

The ADA plays a pivotal role in defining the landscape of accommodations within the workplace, including remote work scenarios. It delineates essential job functions and bases the need for accommodations on whether the job is executed in a manner consistent across the board for all employees. If an individual's remote work setup doesn’t deviate significantly from the norm established by the employer, and if executing job duties from home does not impose undue hardship on the employer, the arrangement is not considered a special accommodation.


The Interplay Between Part-Time Work, High Hourly Rates, and Substantial Gainful Activity

An interesting aspect of SSA's evaluation revolves around how part-time work and high hourly rates are interpreted in the context of Substantial Gainful Activity (SGA). The SSA closely examines earnings, especially how they compare to the SGA limits, while considering the individual's capacity to earn. Intriguingly, even part-time positions with compensation that technically falls under the SGA threshold can be viewed as SGA if the earnings are substantial enough to approach these limits.


The Bottom Line: When Is At-Home Work Considered Competitive Employment?

The defining factor for at-home work to be classified as competitive employment under Social Security's rules is the absence of substantial additional accommodations. If the remote work arrangement does not entail significant deviations in terms of flexibility, breaks, or absences when compared to traditional employment settings, it will likely be viewed as competitive employment. Consequently, SSA's evaluation of SGA will proceed under this classification.


As the work environment continues to adapt to new norms, including more flexible and remote work options, understanding these nuances becomes essential for both employers and employees, especially those navigating the complexities of disabilities and employment. By demystifying these aspects, we can foster a more inclusive and accessible workplace for everyone.



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